Children with Health Needs who Cannot Attend School

Please note that this policy is currently under review by our Governing Body.

Policy Details
Date created11/2020
Date reviewed
Next review date08/12/21
Date approved08/12/20

1. Aims 

This policy aims to ensure that: 

∙ Suitable education is arranged for pupils on roll who cannot attend school due to health  needs; 

∙ Pupils, staff and parents understand what the school is responsible for when this education  is being provided by the local authority. 

Co-op Academy Clarice Cliff aims to ensure that all children who are unable to attend school due  to medical needs, and who would not receive suitable education without such provision,  continue to have access to as much education as their medical condition allows, to enable them  to reach their full potential.  

Due to the nature of their health needs, some children may be admitted to hospital or placed in alternative forms of education provision. We recognise that, whenever possible, pupils should receive their education within their school and the aim of the provision will be to reintegrate pupils back into school as soon as they are well enough. 

We understand that we have a continuing role in a pupil’s education whilst they are not in school  and will work with the LA, healthcare partners and families to ensure that all children with  medical needs receive the right level of support to enable them to maintain links with their education. 

2. Legislation and guidance 

This policy has due regard to all relevant legislation and statutory guidance including, but not limited to, the following: 

  • Education Act 1996 
  • Equality Act 2010 
  • Data Protection Act 2018 
  • DfE (2013) ‘Ensuring a good education for children who cannot attend school because of health needs’ 
  • DfE (2015) ‘Supporting pupils at school with medical conditions’. 

3. The responsibilities of the school

3.1 If the school makes arrangements 

Initially, the school will attempt to make arrangements to deliver suitable education for children  with health needs who cannot attend school. 

The Headteacher and SENDCo will be responsible for making and monitoring these  arrangements. A meeting will be made with parents / carers to discuss arrangements for  working from home or hospital. A plan will be drawn up detailing agreed actions from the  discussion, the plan will be signed by school and parents / carers. The plan will then be carried  out to deliver education to the child. 

Arrangements could include sending work home, attending a hospital school or a Teaching  Assistant may attend the home to deliver lessons (Covid dependent), work will be prepared by class teachers. 

The pupil will be slowly integrated back into school with either alternative arrangements to make  it possible such as alternative provision for break or lunch times or the pupil may come back into  school on a reduced timetable until their health needs have been met. 

3.2 If the Local Authority makes arrangements 

If the school can’t make suitable arrangements, Stoke Local Authority will become responsible  for arranging suitable education for these children. 

The LA should: 

  • Provide such education as soon as it is clear that a pupil will be away from school for 15  days or more, whether consecutive or cumulative. They should liaise with the  appropriate medical professionals to ensure minimal delay in arranging appropriate  provision for the pupil. Ensure the education pupils receive is of good quality, allows  them to take appropriate qualifications, prevents them from falling behind their peers in  school, and allows them to reintegrate successfully back into school as soon as  possible. 
  • Address the needs of individual pupils in arranging provision. 
  • Have a named officer responsible for the education of children with additional health  needs and ensure parents know who this is. 
  • Have a written, publicly accessible policy statement on their arrangements to comply  with their legal duty towards children with additional health needs. 
  • Review the provision offered regularly to ensure that it continues to be appropriate for  the child and that it is providing suitable education. 
  • Give clear policies on the provision of education for children and young people under  and over compulsory school age. 
  • Provision for siblings. When treatment of a child’s condition means that his or her family have to move nearer to a hospital, and there is a sibling of compulsory school age, the local authority into whose area the family has moved should seek to ensure that the sibling is offered a place, where provision is available, for example, in a local mainstream school or other appropriate setting. 

The LA should not: 

  • Have processes or policies in place which prevent a child from getting the right type of provision and a good education. 
  • Withhold or reduce the provision, or type of provision, for a child because of how much it will cost. 
  • Have policies based upon the percentage of time a child is able to attend school rather than whether the child is receiving a suitable education during that attendance. 
  • Have lists of health conditions that dictate whether or not they will arrange education for children or inflexible policies which result in children going without suitable full-time education (or as much education as their health condition allows them to participate in). 
  • In cases where the local authority makes arrangements, the school will:
  • Work constructively with the local authority, providers, relevant agencies, and parents to ensure the best outcomes for the pupil; 
  • Share information with the local authority and relevant health services as required; 
  • Help make sure that the provision offered to the pupil is as effective as possible and that the child can be reintegrated back into school successfully. 
  • When reintegration is anticipated, work with the local authority to: 
  • Plan for consistent provision during and after the period of education outside the school,  allowing the pupil to access the same curriculum and materials that they would have  used in school as far as possible; 
  • Enable the pupil to stay in touch with school life (e.g. through newsletters, emails,  invitations to school events or internet links to lessons from their school); 
  • Create individually tailored reintegration plans for each child returning to school;
  • Consider whether any reasonable adjustments need to be made. 

3.3 The Governing Board and Head Teacher are responsible for: 

  • Ensuring arrangements for pupils who cannot attend school as a result of their medical  needs are in place and are effectively implemented. 
  • Ensuring the termly review of the arrangements made for pupils who cannot attend  school due to their medical needs. 
  • Ensuring the roles and responsibilities of those involved in the arrangements to support  the needs of pupils are clear and understood by all. 
  • Ensuring robust systems are in place for dealing with health emergencies and critical  incidents, for both on- and off-site activities. 
  • Ensuring staff with responsibility for supporting pupils with health needs are  appropriately trained. 
  • Appointing a named member of staff who is responsible for pupils with healthcare needs  and liaises with parents, pupils, the LA, key workers and others involved in the pupil’s  care. 
  • Providing teachers who support pupils with health needs with suitable information  relating to a pupil’s health condition and the possible effect the condition and/or  medication taken has on the pupil. 
  • Notifying the LA when a pupil is likely to be away from the school for a significant period  of time due to their health needs. 

3.4 The SENDCo is responsible for: 

  • Dealing with pupils who are unable to attend school because of medical needs.
  • Actively monitoring pupil progress and reintegration into school. 
  • Supplying pupils’ education providers with information about the child’s capabilities,  progress and outcomes. 
  • Liaising with the headteacher, education providers and parents to determine pupils’  programmes of study whilst they are absent from school. 
  • Liaising with the Family Liaison Officer who will provide a link between pupils and their parents, academy and the LA. 

3.5 Teachers and Support Staff are responsible for:

  • Understanding confidentiality in respect of pupils’ health needs. 
  • Designing lessons and activities in a way that allows those with health needs to  participate fully and ensuring pupils are not excluded from activities that they wish to  take part in without a clear evidence-based reason. 
  • Arranging to share lessons via online platforms such as Class Dojo and communicate using these platforms. 
  • Understanding their role in supporting pupils with health needs and ensuring they attend  the required training. 
  • Ensuring they are aware of the needs of their pupils through the appropriate and lawful  sharing of the individual pupil’s health needs. 
  • Ensuring they are aware of the signs, symptoms and triggers of common life-threatening  medical conditions and know what to do in an emergency. Keeping parents informed of  how their child’s health needs are affecting them whilst in the school. 

4. Absences 

  • Parents are advised to contact the school on the first day their child is unable to attend due to illness. 
  • Absences due to illness will be authorised unless the school has genuine cause for concern about the authenticity of the illness. 
  • The school will provide support to pupils who are absent from school because of illness for a period of less than 15 school days by liaising with the pupil’s parents to arrange schoolwork as soon as the pupil is able to cope with it or part-time education at school.  The school will give due consideration to which aspects of the curriculum are prioritised in consultation with the pupil, their family, and relevant members of staff. 
  • For periods of absence that are expected to last for 15 or more school days, either in one absence or over the course of a school year, the named person with responsibility for pupils with health needs (SENDCo) will notify the LA, who will take responsibility for the pupil and their education. 
  • Where absences are anticipated or known in advance, the school will liaise with the LA to enable education provision to be provided from the start of the pupil’s absence.  
  • For hospital admissions, the appointed member of staff will liaise with the LA  regarding the programme that should be followed while the pupil is in hospital. 
  • The LA will set up a personal education plan (PEP) for the pupil which will allow the school, the LA, and the provider of the pupil’s education together. 
  • The school will monitor pupil attendance and mark registers to ensure it is clear whether a pupil is or should be, receiving education otherwise than at school. 
  • The school will only remove a pupil who is unable to attend school because of additional health needs from the school roll where: The pupil has been certified by the school’s medical officer as unlikely to be in a fit state of health to attend school, before ceasing to be of compulsory school age; and neither the pupil nor their parent has indicated to the school the intention to continue to attend the school, after ceasing to be of compulsory school age. 
  • A pupil unable to attend school because of their health needs will not be removed from the school register without parental consent and certification from the school’s medical officer, even if the LA has become responsible for the pupil’s education. 

5. Support for pupils 

  • Where a pupil has a complex or long-term health issue, the school will discuss the pupil’s needs and how these may be best met with the LA, relevant medical professionals, parents, and, where appropriate, the pupil. 
  • The LA expects the school to support pupils with health needs to attend full-time education wherever possible, or for the school to make reasonable adjustments to pupils’ programmes of study where medical evidence supports the need for those adjustments. 
  • The school will make reasonable adjustments under pupils’ individual healthcare plans  (IHCPs), in accordance with the Supporting Pupils with Medical Conditions Policy. 
  • Pupils admitted to hospital will receive education as determined appropriate by the medical professionals and hospital tuition team at the hospital concerned. 
  • During a period of absence, the school will work with the provider of the pupil’s education to establish and maintain regular communication and effective outcomes. 
  • Whilst a pupil is away from school, the school will work with the LA to ensure the pupil can successfully remain in touch with their school using the following methods: School newsletters, online platforms, Emails, Invitations to school events, cards, or letters from peers and staff.  
  • Where appropriate, the school will provide the pupil’s education provider with relevant information, curriculum materials, and resources. 
  • To help ensure a pupil with additional health needs is able to attend school following an  extended period of absence, the following adaptations will be considered: 
  • A personalised or part-time timetable, drafted in consultation with the named staff  member; 
  • Access to additional support in school; 
  • Online access to the curriculum from home; 
  • Movement of lessons to more accessible rooms; 
  • Places to rest at school; 
  • Special exam arrangements to manage anxiety or fatigue. 

6. Monitoring arrangements 

This policy will be reviewed annually by the SENDCo. At every review, it will be approved by the  full governing board. 

Any changes in the policy will be clearly communicated to all members of staff involved in  supporting pupils with additional health needs, and to parents and pupils themselves. 

7. Definitions 

Children who are unable to attend school as a result of their medical needs may include those  with: 

∙ Physical health issues. 

∙ Physical injuries. 

∙ Mental health problems, including anxiety issues. 

∙ Emotional difficulties or school refusal. 

∙ Progressive conditions. 

∙ Terminal illnesses

∙ Chronic illnesses. 

Children who are unable to attend mainstream education for health reasons may attend any  of the following: 

∙ Hospital school: a special school within a hospital setting where education is provided to  give continuity whilst the child is receiving treatment 

∙ Home tuition: many LAs have home tuition services that act as a communication channel  between schools and pupils on occasions where pupils are too ill to attend school and are receiving specialist medical treatment. 

∙ Medical PRUs: these are LA establishments that provide education for children unable to  attend their registered school due to their medical needs. 

8. Links to other policies 

This policy links to the following policies: 

∙ Accessibility Plan 

∙ Supporting Pupils with Medical Conditions 

∙ Attendance Policy 

∙ Child Protection and Safeguarding Policy ∙ Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND) Policy